When a court decision is appealed, it is known as an appeal.
But there are many administrative agencies or tribunals which make decisions or deliver government services of one sort or another, the decisions of which can also be “appealed.” In many cases, the “appeal” from administrative agencies is known as “judicial review” which is essentially a process where a court of law is asked to rule on the appropriateness of the administrative agency ortribunal’s decision.
Judicial review is a fundamental principle of administrative law.
A distinctive feature of judicial review is that the “appeal” is not usually limited to errors in law but may be based on alleged errors on the part of the administrative agency on findings of fact.
Judicial review is a “user friendly” term used by many jurisdictions to encompass the more traditionally-named remedies of mandamus, prohibition, certiorari and habeas corpus.
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